Services of your sample
The proportion of females was double or more the males in the two Eastern European countries and nearly equal in the two Western European countries (Table 1). About 70-80% of students in the German, Danish and Polish samples were aged 20 – 23 years, while about half (55%) in Bulgaria and one fifth (23%) in Poland were <20 years. Students aged >23 years represented < 1% in Poland but were about a quarter of the Danish sample . In Poland, Bulgaria and Germany, 25%-50% of participants lived at home with their parents during their studies; in Denmark this proportion was much lower. Across the four countries, generally more males than females lived at parental home (data not shown).
Food practices by the nation and you can gender
Along side four countries under examination, Bulgarian people frequently claimed repeated usage of the ‘less healthy’ factors (candy, desserts, meals and you may processed foods) (Table dos). Alternatively, Bulgarian pupils also most frequently claimed frequent consumption of specific ‘healthy’ activities along with salads (59%) and you can make (32%). In relation to meats, brand new portion of college students reporting frequent application are relatively filled with most of the regions (anywhere between forty two%-53%). High-frequency off seafood use was mostly reported of the Bulgarian pupils.
Full, a lot more ladies than simply guys reported frequent use of sweets, cakes, fruit and salads, if you are a whole lot more boys said repeated usage of fast food, animal meat and you will fish. Each other men and women claimed repeated usage of make within a similar level.
When nation and you may gender had been experienced at the same time (Table 3), most of the variations seen in bivariate analyses carried on. Meanwhile all of the nation and intercourse consequences was indeed separate and you can significant relationships existed just for salads and you will fish consumption. Getting salads application such as for instance strong variations of the gender resided within the Germany and Denmark, compared with Poland and you will Bulgaria in which practices volume in genders try similar. With respect to seafood practices, discover almost no sex difference between Denmark, while in various countries men advertised consistently more frequently constant practices.
In the case of most eating communities, the end result regarding life regarding adult household are homogenous across the the nation/gender combinations (Desk 4). Due to the fact impact was not high to the use of chocolate, meals, unhealthy foods or fish, the consumption of fruit, produce and you can chicken are less frequent among children life style out of adult household (Desk 4). To possess desserts and you will salads there can be certain heterogeneity all over the country/sex combinations (Desk 5). In the two cases, the brand new usage was all the way down among those lifestyle off parental house for the majority nation/gender combinations since shown from the odds rates less than step one. The new exception to this rule try a higher consumption of desserts among people lifestyle away out-of parental house one of Bulgarian female and you may Danish men. In the example of salads, as a whole the brand new consumption is actually lower one particular way of living out of adult home with new different from Danish women that has highest usage of salads once they were not life within adult home.
This short article reports restaurants application habits when you look at the teenagers gonna colleges in four countries. College students usually are greatest experienced and you may younger than an inhabitants-oriented shot, and you can happened to be the right decide to try to possess examining restaurants application patterns, since variability off ill health and you can studies are limited.
Regarding the basic reason for the research, students’ nutrients demonstrated particular unfavourable practices around the all the learnt web sites. Age.grams. below fifty% off pupils claimed frequent consumption of fruits. Higher consumption of products that are “away” in the Mediterranean eating plan [in which important dessert is fruits with candy ate just into special occasions ] try rather in the ten-year coronary risk of >10% to have 40% regarding people . Most other knowledge certainly one of people confirmed a minimal intake out-of fresh fruit and you can produce [29–31]. But not, students’ dinner usage designs differed and additionally along side internet. For instance, Bulgarian men and women pupils claimed most frequently a regular consumption off candy and you can cakes. Bulgarian college students including got higher wavelengths of foods, and additionally chips (40%), and you may processed foods (52%). This might suggest a significance of particular social health action on the site.